The best approach to address ethical issues is the establishment of a universal framework for reference

International development has evolved and transformed since its emergence after the post-war era (Chatterjee, 2011, p. 224). The process can be divided into different stages with specific issues for each stage. The present stage of international development is characterised by increased industrial operations accompanied with sustainability issues for the welfare of the current generation as well as the next generation.

The theory presented to explain the current stage of international development is the post-development theory that suggests that international development is an ideology from the western countries and thus not practicable to the south/east countries. Despite disagreements on this assertion, all scholars agree that the main issue is about the environmental degradation of the environment such as global warming caused by this process. They all agree that if the industrialisation is not managed carefully, the operations carried out will hamper the environmental capacity to maintain itself. They argue that environment deterioration will hamper the environment’s capacity to provide resources to support the current and future generations across the globe in both areas hosting these activities and those not hosting them.

Industrial and other human activities emit greenhouse gases into the atmosphere resulting environment pollution that in turn result into increased flooding, acid rain, glaciations and droughts. These effects decrease food production, deteriorate human health across the globe regardless whether the affected regions host activities contributing to environmental pollution or not. For instance, the international nuclear repositories expose residents as well as tourists in their areas of location. Furthermore, the nuclear waste takes thousands of years to decay fully meaning they will not only affect the current generation the upcoming generations too. This presents a challenge of determining the manner in which and the extent theses activities (international development activities) have to be permitted for sustainability purposes, commonly referred to as sustainable global development.

Because of the varied nature of the international development activities, different national policies, different developmental needs and different values between global communities, it is difficult to determine a framework acceptable to all countries. Some countries argue that they are affected more than others whereas others claim that their activities are insignificant compared to activities of other nations. Similarly some countries argue they have put in place all measures to control the activities whereas others have not.

The best approach to address this issue is the establishment of a universal framework for reference. The framework should stipulate the regulations applicable for all countries- the dos and don’ts and actions to be taken when one or more countries break the rules. Second, the framework should specify evaluation criteria for every activity. In this way, the activities of all countries will be centrally monitored and evaluated and efforts integrated. It will eliminate antagonism in the global fight against environmental degradation.


Hooper, S. R., & Umansky, W. (2009). Young children with special needs. Upper Saddle River, Pearson Merrill Prentice Hall.

Sumner, A. & Tribe, M. (2008). International development studies: Theories and   methods in research and practice. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

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